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ERIC Number: ED160659
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1978-Mar
Pages: 40
Abstractor: N/A
Measurement of Sex Roles: What Are We Really Measuring?
Thomas, Susan
This study was conducted for four reasons: (1) to identify research studies in the area of sex role behavior conducted between l970 and l977 in the fields of psychology, anthropology, sociology, and education; (2) to survey operational definitions of the term "sex role"; (3) to examine the techniques and instruments used to gather sex role information; and (4) to determine the reliability and validity of those instruments. One hundred and seventy-eight journal articles were assigned to the following sex role categories: identification, perception, preference, adoption, and expectations. A list of measurement instruments was prepared for each of these categories and is appended. A review of these articles revealed a lack of concern for several evaluation issues: the reliability and validity of the instruments used, the appropriateness of norms, and the definition of what was being measured. Generally, qualitative descriptions of instruments were included, but psychometric descriptions were frequently omitted. The author contends that an operational definition of sex roles and the reliability and validity of sex role instruments must be ascertained in future studies. In addition, a theoretical integration of the concept of sex role behaviors, including Bem's concept of physical androgyny, is recommended. The 178 articles are listed in the appendix. (JAC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Bem Sex Role Inventory