ERIC Number: ED160605
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1978-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
A Study of Teacher Planning: Description and a Model of Preactive Decision Making. Research Series No. 18.
Yinger, Robert J.
The primary objective of this study was to describe those mental processes in which teachers engage while making preactive planning decisions. This objective was approached by means of a detailed descriptive case study of one elementary teacher's planning decisions for a five-month period. The study was designed to address a need for descriptions and theoretical models of planning processes and to examine the usefulness of certain decision-modeling methods for describing complex decisions made in field settings. Both ethnographic and information-processing approaches were used to describe distinctive features of the teacher's planning technology and to develop two models of teacher planning. The structural model identifies five levels of planning used by this teacher and describes the goals, cues, form, and effectiveness criteria used at each level. The process model represents decision processes differing from the goals-alternatives-choice sequence of the linear planning model. Problem finding, problem formulation, and a design process involving cycles of plan elaboration and mental "trying out" are presented as major planning processes. (Author/DS)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Conceptual Schemes, Curriculum Development, Decision Making, Educational Environment, Elementary Education, Inservice Education, Lesson Plans, Problem Solving, Teacher Behavior, Teaching (Occupation), Teaching Skills
The Institute for Research on Teaching, College of Education, Michigan State University, 252 Erickson Hall, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 ($4.25)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Michigan State Univ., East Lansing. Inst. for Research on Teaching.