ERIC Number: ED160234
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978
Reference Count: 0
A Further Assessment of Predictors of the Child's Behavior in Dental Treatment.
Klorman, Rafael; And Others
This study examines the relationship between children's disruptiveness during dental treatment and their state (comptemporaneous or situational nervousness), trait (general nervousness), and specific dental anxiety. All patients studied were about 8 years old. Sample I (84 pedodontic patients) underwent a variety of dental procedures (extractions, restorations, etc.) on the day of evaluation. Sample II (48 pedodontic patients) underwent a dental restoration. Subjects in both these samples were assessed while under treatment for a procedure they had undergone in the past. Sample III consisted of 49 inexperienced patients who were studied during their first dental restoration or extraction. Before treatment, the patient's fear of dentistry was rated by his mother and the dentist. Children's self-reports of dental anxiety were also correlated with the data analysis. Results indicated only a slight relationship between behavioral and self-report measures of dental anxiety with the various predictor variables, and the child's behavior during treatment could not be predicted from any aspect of maternal anxiety. Findings suggest that the child's anxiety towards dental treatment is complexly determined, and that future research should include multiple measures of assessment. (Author/CM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Rochester Univ., NY. Coll. of Arts and Sciences.
Authoring Institution: N/A