ERIC Number: ED160208
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977
Effects of Stories on Elementary-School Children's Gender-Stereotyped Attitudes Toward Adult Occupations.
Schau, Candace Garrett; And Others
This study examines the effects of reading materials on children's gender stereotypes toward adult occupations. The study sample consisted of 355 first-, third- and fifth-grade middle class children randomized into 3 groups which received 10 stories each. One group received sex-role-reversed occupational stories, another sex-stereotyped stories, and the third stories unrelated to gender roles and occupations. Children's initial stereotypes were measured in a group-administered multiple-choice pretest. Post-treatment effects were measured by children's judgment of: (1) who (men or women) knows how or could learn how to do each of 20 identified male, female, and genderneutral occupations and (2) who ought to do them. Results show that (1) older children were more stereotyped than younger ones about male jobs; (2) children's judgments about who ought to work at each occupation were more stereotyped than their judgments of who can work at the occupations; (3) judgments of who can do the work were less stereotyped when they were made after judgments of who ought to do the work; and (4) the role-reversed stories did not make a statistically significant difference in the children's attitudes. It is concluded that simply changing the names, pronouns and illustrations or adding occasional non-traditional classroom materials may not be powerful enough to change children's attitudes toward gender roles and occupations. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Spencer Foundation, Chicago, IL.
Authoring Institution: Indiana Univ., Bloomington. School of Education.