ERIC Number: ED160190
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977
Reference Count: 0
A Description and Evaluation of an Educational Intervention Program in a Pediatric Clinic.
Morris, Anne G.; Glick, Joseph
This study of a parent education program associated with a medical facility investigated two questions: (1) Was the medical facility a valid site for recruiting and training parents for an educational intervention program to be carried out at home? (2) Would a short term intervention program have an impact on the performance of preschool children from low income backgrounds? Aimed at Hispanic and Black parents of children aged 20-39 months, the program was instituted in 2 sites: a well baby clinic in a university hospital and a community child health station, a unit of the New York City Department of Health. The program was conducted in 12 sessions bi-monthly by bilingual playroom assistants in the pediatric clinic playroom. Parents were taught (in individual sessions) to use educational toys with their children. Children (n = 518) were matched on age, sex and ethnicity and randomly assigned to an early or late treatment group. Pre- and post-tests of intelligence were conducted. Children in the treated early group showed a significant gain in performance in comparison with the untreated late group. A subsequent comparison of pre- and post-training IQ scores for children from both groups showed that their performance improved significantly as a result of training. No ethnic differences were found in the Program Completed Sample ( n = 147). While many questions about the appropriate use of medical facilities for educational interventions remained unanswered, the program did have a positive impact on the performance of low income preschool children. The program was seen to encourage mothers to include teaching as a part of caregiving. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Child Development (DHEW), Washington, DC.; National Inst. of Mental Health (DHEW), Rockville, MD.
Authoring Institution: N/A