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ERIC Number: ED160174
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Jul-3
Pages: 19
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Counseling for Second Careers.
Wilcox, Paula
This literature review focuses on the role of the community college in meeting the needs of adults seeking assistance in mid-life career changes. Factors such as longer life spans, better health, increased leisure time, and greater emphasis upon the quality of life increase the need for mid-life vocational counseling, leisure counseling programs, widow/widowers counseling, and pre-retirement workshops, as well as, the need for availability of lifelong educational opportunities. Family, job, and societal pressures can be seen to interact and produce four career patterns: routine (absence of career change), self-determined (career change because of desire rather than necessity), situationally determined (change brought about by outside pressures), and self-directed accommodation (change influenced by environmental pressures but shaped by individual choice). An assessment of the career pattern involved is one of the first steps in finding a second career, and one in which community college counseling programs should play a part. The effective accomplishment of the educational and counseling goals of a college requires the provision of services that meet the special needs and abilities of adult students, the organization of services into a pattern that is compatible with the character of the college, and the administration of services in ways that are mutually supportive. (A bibliography is included.) (MB)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A