ERIC Number: ED159884
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975
The New Student Role: Individual Differences and Implications for Instruction. Perspective: A New Freedom. ACTFL Review of Foreign Language Education, Vol. 7.
The many dimensions of individual differences that make each learner a challenge to the foreign language teacher are discussed. The teacher must interpret the information and provide differentiated environments to "match" these differences. Emphasis is placed upon learning styles and learning strategies. An historical perspective of adapting instruction to individual differences is presented. Teachers' intuitive adaptations, factors necessary to consider when adapting instruction to student characteristics, and a procedure that might be used to adapt to students' learning styles are discussed. One important dimension of learning style is students' differing needs for varying degrees of structure. Adapting instruction to students' learning style usually includes varying the structure of the environment, the modality of the material, and the sociological setting in order to meet students' needs. Hunt's conceptual level matching model is discussed. The model describes students both in terms of their immediate learning needs and their long-term developmental growth needs so that environments can be adapted to meet these needs. Foreign language teachers, materials developers, and researchers need to understand that it is not the learning task itself but what the student does with the task that determines what is learned. (SW)
Descriptors: Classroom Environment, Cognitive Style, Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education, Individual Differences, Individualized Instruction, Language Instruction, Learning, Learning Motivation, Learning Problems, Learning Processes, Learning Strategies, Literature Reviews, Performance Factors, Psycholinguistics, Second Language Learning, Student Needs, Student Role, Teaching Methods
Not Available Separately; See FL 009 633
Publication Type: Reference Materials - Bibliographies
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages, New York, NY.