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ERIC Number: ED159739
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Apr
Pages: 17
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Comparison of Research on Positive and Negative Social Behaviors.
Wispe, Lauren
A content analysis of scientific communication in the behavioral sciences from 1900 to 1970 was undertaken to ascertain whether or not a shift in orientation of research from negative to positive forms of social behavior has been occurring in recent years. Positive behaviors are those which emphasize the well-being and integrity of other persons while negative behavior is expected to circumscribe or destroy the freedom, expression, integrity, or well-being of other persons. Studies from "Psychological Index" and "Psychological Abstracts" from the period 1900 to 1970 and from 1975 were classified according to a positive-negative continuum (using words judged as positive or negative by a panel), according to types of subjects (animals, children, or adults), and according to methodologies (experimental, descriptive, theoretical, or psychotherapeutic). It was confirmed that recent trends are toward positive studies which affect choice of subjects--higher use of human adults and reduced animal research--and choice of methodology-increase in experimental studies leading toward a more positive orientation. (TJ)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Communication Association (Chicago, Illinois, April 25-29, 1978)