NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
ERIC Number: ED159733
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1978-Aug
Pages: 23
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Compliance with the American Bar Association's Voluntary Free Press-Fair Trial Guidelines: An Empirical Study.
Middleton, Kent; And Others
The content of pretrial crime stories in a national sample of 29 newspapers was analyzed to discover the extent of violations of the voluntary free-press fair-trial guidelines of the American Bar Association (ABA), which have been adopted by 23 states. The investigation also considered the relationship between violations and several relevant factors such as whether the newspaper containing the violation was published in a state subscribing to the ABA guidelines, the sensationalism of the crime, whether sources of news about the suspect are named, and racial identification of the suspect. Of the 167 pretrial crime news stories selected for anlaysis, 113, or 67.8%, contained at least one violation of an ABA guideline. The overall rate of 1.13 violations per story was higher than previous research had indicated. In addition, the findings showed no discernable difference between the number of violations in states which had adopted the guidelines and those which had not. So few sensational stories were found that no analysis of this factor could be made. The same is true of the factor of racial identification, since none of the stories mentioned the race of the accused. The rate of identification of sources was nearly the same for stories with violations and those without. (FL)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A