ERIC Number: ED159662
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1978-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Issues in Semantic Memory: A Response to Glass and Holyoak. Technical Report No. 101.
Shoben, Edward J.; And Others
Glass and Holyoak (1975) have raised two issues related to the distinction between set-theoretic and network theories of semantic memory, contending that: (a) their version of a network theory, the Marker Search model, is conceptually and empirically superior to the Feature Comparison model version of a set-theoretic theory; and (b) the contrast between set-theoretic and network theories parallels distinctions in formal semantics that are concerned with analyticity and binary truth values. This paper takes issue with both of these claims, first arguing that the set-theoretic vs. network distinction is orthogonal to issues like analyticity and binary truth. The Marker Search and Feature Comparison models are then considered in detail. Objections are raised to some of the theoretical mechanisms postulated in the Marker Search model, and Glass and Holyoak's criticisms of the Feature Comparison model are discussed. Finally, new experimental results that undermine the critical empirical base for the Marker Search model are presented. (Author/TJ)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.; Spencer Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Public Health Service (DHEW), Arlington, VA.
Authoring Institution: Illinois Univ., Urbana. Center for the Study of Reading.; Bolt, Beranek and Newman, Inc., Cambridge, MA.