ERIC Number: ED159656
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Dec
Reference Count: 0
An Investigation Using the Cloze Procedure as a Teaching Technique.
Johns, Jerry L.
To assess whether gains in vocabulary and comprehension would result from the use of the cloze procedure as a teaching technique, 222 students in 12 fourth-grade classrooms were randomly assigned to one of four groups: a control group and groups that were taught with cloze deletion patterns involving deletion of every tenth word, deletion of modifiers, or deletion of nouns, verbs, or both. After 25 weeks of instruction consisting of 20-minute sessions twice each week, no significant differences were found in vocabulary or comprehension among the four groups. Certain problems encountered during the study, including the difficulty of finding appropriate reading materials and the lack of control of teacher effectiveness variables, may have led to the lack of significant findings. Among the strategies that teachers can use for teaching and for future research are to have students work together on cloze exercises, to develop strategies for less able students, and to work initially with materials using the students' own language patterns. Although this study showed no significant findings, the cloze procedure does have potential as a teaching technique. (GW)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Reading Conference (27th, New Orleans, Louisiana, December 1-3, 1977) ; Best copy available