ERIC Number: ED159596
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1978-May
Reference Count: N/A
Summaries and Recalls for Three Types of Texts. Technical Report No. 85.
Gordon, Lynn; And Others
It is proposed in this report that theories about reading processes and about the structure of what is read can be readily formulated in schema theory terms. Previous work on the structure of texts is first reviewed and problems with earlier formalisms and scoring methods are discussed. Analyses are then presented of the structure of three types of texts--short stories, instructions, and explanations--and three experiments are described in which differences in readers' recall of the different text types were assessed. In experiment one, 22 college students read and summarized six texts of different types and later recalled three of them; in experiments two and three, students heard tape-recorded texts, one at a time, performed a brief interfering task after each text, and then recalled the text. Results of the experiments, which are reported and discussed, revealed that stories were the easiest, and definitions the most difficult, to recall and understand, and that recalls of definitions showed significantly more reordering than did recalls of instructions, which, in turn, had more reordering than did the recalls of stories. Forty-one illustrative figures and eight tables of results are included. (GW)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Advanced Research Projects Agency (DOD), Washington, DC.; Office of Naval Research, Arlington, VA. Personnel and Training Research Programs Office.
Authoring Institution: University of Southern California, Los Angeles. Behavioral Technology Labs.