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ERIC Number: ED159509
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978
The Design and Organization of Self-Determining Activity-Oriented, Outreach Groups.
Mayer, Charlotte Y.; Wynn, Richard E.
This discussion is concerned with the rationale and method of the Woodard Outreach Group Model. Included is a description of some of the theoretical and strategic matters involved with this method of working with small groups. Examples are presented illustrating ways in which the model has been modified and used with success in a variety of situations. Some of the major elements in the Woodard model discussed in this article include outreach groups, activity orientation, small group size, self-determination, self-disciplining, and group consensus. The Woodard model of outreach counseling through self-determined activities is a valuable tool not only for counselors but for any leader of small groups. One value lies in the methodology, i.e., activity-orientation, self-determination, and self-discipline, which is easily understood and may be practiced without a need for a leader who holds an academic degree and official certification. Secondly, self-determined activities provide a natural environment for social interchange and resultant personal growth. Thirdly, the leader can influence activities and behaviors in such a way that they contain skills for social change. Finally, students choose activity-oriented groups in counseling over non-directive or other interview types of counseling groups. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Toronto, Ontario, CANADA, March, 1978)