ERIC Number: ED159493
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Mar-28
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Equal Status Cross-Sex Contact on Students' Sex Stereotyped Attitudes and Behavior.
Lockheed, Marlaine E.; Harris, Abigail M.
Standard least squares regression techniques are used to estimate the effects of non-sex-role stereotypes, equal-status cross-sex interaction and female leadership on changes in children's sex stereotyped attitudes. Included are a pretest, experimental treatment, and post-test. Teachers of approximately 400 fourth and fifth grade children received a six-session inservice training workshop as an experimental intervention; teachers of approximately 400 children served as controls. Results indicate that children whose school experience includes having a man as a teacher, having a woman as a unit leader, having a woman as a principal, knowing women who supervise men and knowing women doctors are more likely to hold more egalitarian beliefs about sex differences, intelligence, job discrimination, working women, and domestic roles and to have positive attitudes about cross-sex friendship and work choices. Similarly, children whose teachers do not group by sex, whose teachers assign them school work in mixed-sex groups, who play sports and engage in clubs in sex-integrated groups, and whose parents are supportive of cross-sex friendships are more likely to have cross-sex friendship choices, cross-sex work partner choices, and to approve of cross-sex interaction in general, as well as to hold less stereotyped attitudes regarding men's and women's roles in work and society. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Women's Program Staff.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Toronto, Ontario, CANADA, March, 1978) ; Tables 3-5 may be marginally legible due to small type