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ERIC Number: ED159402
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1978-Jul
Pages: 71
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Transition from Prison to Employment: An Assessment of Community-Based Assistance Programs. National Evaluation Program. Phase 1 Report. Series A. Number 19.
Toborg, Mary A.; And Others
The current state of knowledge regarding employment services programs for prison releasees was assessed. Three major data collection activities were undertaken: a review of existing literature and work in progress; a mail/telephone survey of more than 250 employment services programs; and site visits to fifteen programs. Major findings included the following: (1) there is great variation across programs in the types of employment services offered and the ways these services are delivered; however, little is known about the types of services which seem most effective or about the best method for providing any given service; (2) many programs have analyzed whether clients obtain jobs, and most have reported that the majority of clients are successfully placed; (3) available analyses usually indicate that program clients experience lower rates of recidivism than do comparison groups; (4) most outcome studies use limited impact measures, such as placement and rearrest rates, and do not consider factors such as job stability, job quality, or the severity of crimes committed; and (5) few studies compare the outcomes of program clients with those of similar groups of non-clients. Seven recommendations were made, the primary one being that client outcomes be analyzed and compared with those of appropriate groups of non-clients. (Author/JH)
National Criminal Justice Reference Service, Evaluation Clearinghouse, P.O. Box 24036, S.E. Post Office, Washington, D.C. 20024; Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402 (Stock Number 027-000-00697-3)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Inst. of Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice (Dept. of Justice/LEAA), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Lazar Inst., Washington, DC.