ERIC Number: ED159402
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1978-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
The Transition from Prison to Employment: An Assessment of Community-Based Assistance Programs. National Evaluation Program. Phase 1 Report. Series A. Number 19.
Toborg, Mary A.; And Others
The current state of knowledge regarding employment services programs for prison releasees was assessed. Three major data collection activities were undertaken: a review of existing literature and work in progress; a mail/telephone survey of more than 250 employment services programs; and site visits to fifteen programs. Major findings included the following: (1) there is great variation across programs in the types of employment services offered and the ways these services are delivered; however, little is known about the types of services which seem most effective or about the best method for providing any given service; (2) many programs have analyzed whether clients obtain jobs, and most have reported that the majority of clients are successfully placed; (3) available analyses usually indicate that program clients experience lower rates of recidivism than do comparison groups; (4) most outcome studies use limited impact measures, such as placement and rearrest rates, and do not consider factors such as job stability, job quality, or the severity of crimes committed; and (5) few studies compare the outcomes of program clients with those of similar groups of non-clients. Seven recommendations were made, the primary one being that client outcomes be analyzed and compared with those of appropriate groups of non-clients. (Author/JH)
Descriptors: Career Counseling, Community Services, Data Collection, Employment Services, Job Development, Job Placement, Job Training, National Surveys, Research Needs, Research Reviews (Publications), State of the Art Reviews, Vocational Followup
National Criminal Justice Reference Service, Evaluation Clearinghouse, P.O. Box 24036, S.E. Post Office, Washington, D.C. 20024; Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402 (Stock Number 027-000-00697-3)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice (Dept. of Justice/LEAA), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Lazar Inst., Washington, DC.