ERIC Number: ED159258
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1977
Reference Count: N/A
Federal Policies for Equal Educational Opportunity: Conflict and Confusion. Policy Research Project Report Number 23.
Texas Univ., Austin. Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs.
This study examined conflicting Federal directives and gaps in Federal education policy from the perspective of the local school district, with the objective of determining problem areas in Federal policies and practices and developing a set of recommendations for change. Five areas of policy, finance and administrative procedures were examined: (1) Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA); (2) bilingual and bicultural programs, particularly Title VII of ESEA; (3) the Emergency School Aid Act (ESAA); (4) the policies of the Office for Civil Rights (OCR); and (5) directives of Federal court orders affecting the cities studied. The study was based primarily on two types of sources: (1) interviews with local officials and representatives and with HEW officials in regional and Washington offices; and (2) analyses of laws, regulations, documents and published materials that deal with Federal policies and procedures involving Title I, bilingual programs, ESAA, OCR, and court-ordered desegregation. The districts included in the study were Oakland, California; Montgomery County, Maryland; Denver, Colorado; Milwaukee, Wisconsin; and Corpus Christi, Texas. The recommendations developed represent an attempt to mesh the two major Federal approaches to equal educational opportunity--desegregation and compensation. The case studies indicate that the fragmentation of the Federal effort raises problems at the local level which minimize attempts to achieve equal educational opportunity. (Author/AM)
Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Case Studies, Civil Rights, Compensatory Education, Court Litigation, Educational Finance, Educational Policy, Elementary Secondary Education, Equal Education, Federal Programs, Government Role, Multicultural Education, Program Administration, School Desegregation, School Districts
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Texas Univ., Austin. Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs.
Identifiers - Location: California (Oakland); Colorado (Denver); Maryland; Texas (Corpus Christi); Wisconsin (Milwaukee)
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Elementary and Secondary Education Act Title I; Emergency School Aid Act 1972