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ERIC Number: ED159227
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1976
Reference Count: N/A
PLAN*: Alternative School or Fad of the Seventies.
Eckard, Pamela J.
The Program for Learning in Accordance with Needs (PLAN) was incorporated into the Washington-Carver Community School in Muncie, Indiana in 1973 as a computer management system for individualized learning. The school is located in a low socioeconomic neighborhood with a population of 600 students identified as low achievers. Language arts, mathematics, science, and social studies were the major content areas in this curriculum designed for kindergarten through sixth grade. Data from interviews, questionnaires, and standardized test scores were gathered during the 1973-74 and 1974-75 school years to determine whether the following major program objectives were met: (1) stimulate students to an average of one grade level's growth per year; (2) to encourage students to come to conclusions in the affective domain; (3) to develop a media center which facilitates variations in learning styles; and (4) to involve parents in decision-making activities. In addition to academic assessment, two instruments were constructed to measure student self-concept. Results indicate that students surpassed the test author's expectations in both the 1974 and 1975 school years; that students achieved one grade level's growth per year; and that PLAN is a viable alternative school. Increased inservice training for PLAN teachers was recommended, as well as the use of criterion referenced achievement tests. (JAC)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Gains, Computer Assisted Instruction, Educational Assessment, Elementary Education, Individualized Instruction, Individualized Programs, Low Achievement, Low Income Groups, Nontraditional Education, Parent Participation, Program Evaluation, Self Concept
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A