ERIC Number: ED159225
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Jan
Feasibility of Criterion-Referenced Testing and Evaluation.
Bormuth, John R.
The feasibility of criterion referenced testing is held to be dependent on the tenability of two postulates: (1) that bias can be controlled in a principled manner from one test to the next; and (2) that one mental process measured by such tests may lawfully interact with another. Without the first postulate, criterion scores could not be established rationally. Without the second postulate, the usefulness of reaching the criterion score could not be established. These concepts apply both to content mastery tests and to task proficiency tests. Two corresponding research hypotheses are the hypothesis of regression identity for lawfully made tests and regression regularity. Results of earlier research on cloze tests, reading comprehension completion tests, and three preference scales relating to reading materials administered in grades 3-12 were discussed. High correlations were obtained between the cloze tests and the reading comprehension tests and curvilinear regressions between cloze tests and preference scales that confirmed the original hypotheses. These results were taken to confirm that cutting scores may be rationally determined and that algorithmically generated criterion referenced tests may be developed to measure significant educational outcomes. (Author/CTM)
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Career Development, Criterion Referenced Tests, Cutting Scores, Elementary Secondary Education, Mastery Tests, Reading Tests, Statistical Analysis, Task Performance, Test Bias, Test Construction, Test Reliability, Test Theory, Test Validity, Testing Problems, Theories
John R. Bormuth, University of Chicago, 5835 S. Kimbark Avenue, Chicago, Illinois 60637 ($5.00 plus postage)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (62nd, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, March 27-31, 1978); Not available in hard copy due to marginal legibility of original document