ERIC Number: ED159216
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Sep-30
Reference Count: 0
Effectiveness of Educational Programs in State Correctional Institutions: A Follow-Up Study of Ex-Offenders. Final Report.
Buttram, Joan L.; Dusewicz, Russell A.
A follow-up of ex-offenders five to six months after release from prison was conducted to determine the extent to which those who had participated in educational programs prior to release benefitted differentially with respect to employment and social adjustment, as compared with those who had not participated in such programs. Data were gathered on both a pre- and post-release basis for a large number of variables via institutional records, personal interviews, test administrations and rating forms. One hundred thirty-three inmates were traced after release and interviewed five to six months later to determine their employment status and social adjustment. Participants in educational programs were classified as follows: adult basic education or general educational development (45 persons); vocational education (35); postsecondary education (13); no enrollment (35); and unclassified (5 persons). Among the variables studied were: employment status, employment adjustment, general social adjustment, and absconding/recidivism. Ex-offenders enrolled in post-secondary education programs were found to have violated parole and/or been arrested significantly fewer times than were those in the no-enrollment control group. Except for this finding, no overall consistent pattern of significant differences were observed among any of the groups. Implications are drawn for a re-examination of the goals of educational programs at state correctional institutions. A number of questionnaires and interview forms are appended. (Author/CTM)
Descriptors: Adjustment (to Environment), Adult Basic Education, Attendance, Correctional Education, Correctional Rehabilitation, Educational Benefits, Employment, Evaluation Criteria, High School Equivalency Programs, Postsecondary Education, Prisoners, Probationary Period, Program Effectiveness, Questionnaires, Recidivism, Rehabilitation Programs, Vocational Education
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Research for Better Schools, Inc., Philadelphia, PA.