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ERIC Number: ED159105
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1976-Jun
Pages: 19
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Strategies of Conflict in China during 1975-1976.
Lieberthal, Kenneth
The pamphlet reviews political conflict in Peking from spring 1975 through spring 1976. During this period three political groups existed in The People's Republic of China: radicals (populists), moderates (Western-style modernizers), and the military (Chinese equivalent of the Pentagon). Most conflict traditionally occurred between radicals and moderates. The radicals controlled propaganda and educational spheres, whereas the moderates controlled executive Party positions and government outside the propaganda sphere. From May 1975 to January 1976, the two groups maneuvered for political advantage because Chou En-lai was dying. Moderates tried to put their people into important posts and appealed to potential allies through substantive programs. Radicals used the media to hold their ground and raise issues over which they planned to topple Chou En-lai's followers. From mid-January 1976 to April 4, 1976, after Hua Kuo-feng became acting premier, the two groups vied for political favor. Radicals tried to create in the media a political whirlwind to eliminate unwanted programs. Moderates used less visible resources within the bureaucracy to keep the radicals' campaign under control. The military maintained a low profile. From April 5 through May 1976, similar political contests went on, with the ailing Mao Tse-tung favoring both sides at different times. The ultimate balance to be struck in Chinese politics following Mao's death remained unclear as of June 1976. (Author/AV)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Rand Corp., Santa Monica, CA.
Identifiers - Location: China