ERIC Number: ED158879
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1977
Reference Count: N/A
A Factorial Analysis of Variance and Resulting Norm Tables for Tennessee Head Start Children Based on the Developmental Test of Visual-Motor Integration.
Nye, Barbara A.
Data from a statewide screening of Tennessee Head Start children on the Developmental Test of Visual-Motor Integration (VMI) are analyzed in this report for two purposes: to determine whether sex, race, and residence have a significant influence on visual motor development as measured by the VMI, and to develop VMI norms for the Tennessee Head Start population. An initial review of literature relating to the study of norms and variable effects focuses on effects of gender, race and place of residence upon visual motor ability, and on various measurement scales. This is followed by a description of methods and procedures utilized in the present study. The VMI was administered individually to Tennessee Head Start children. Scores for 3,766 children aged 4 and 5 were analyzed for significant differences on three variables--gender, race (black/white), and residential location (rural, urban, mixed urban-rural)--by a 3-way analysis of variance. Homegeneity of variance for all levels of the three variables was determined. Results indicated (1) no significant differences between male and female scores, (2) significantly higher scores by white children than black children regardless of residential location, and (3) no significant differences between urban and rural children's mean scores, though both urban and rural children scored higher than children from mixed areas. General differences between norms generated by this study and the standardized norms are discussed and directions for further research identified. (CM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Tennessee
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Developmental Test of Visual Motor Integration