ERIC Number: ED158856
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975
Reference Count: N/A
The Achievement Attributions of Kindergarteners. Technical Report #39.
This study investigated whether kindergarten children have consistent preferences in explaining success and failure outcomes and whether these attributional preferences are related to other variables known to be associated with achievement motivation. The 48 Hawaiian kindergarteners who served as subjects were asked to explain a fictional outcome by choosing between the four attributional determinants of achievement: task difficulty, ability, effort, and luck, which were presented in paired comparison form. The subjects' IQ, income, and mothers' education, but not birth order, were found to be related to their attributional choices. The finding that 89% of the paired comparison choices were transitive indicates that kindergarten-aged subjects have formed the connection between achievement causes and achievement outcomes. Furthermore, the data indicate that the attributional patterns associated with high vs. low achievement can already be found among kindergarteners. (Author/JMB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: California Univ., Los Angeles. Mental Retardation Research Center.; Hawaii State Dept. of Education, Honolulu.
Authoring Institution: Kamehameha Schools, Honolulu, HI. Kamehameha Early Education Project.
Identifiers - Location: Hawaii