ERIC Number: ED158612
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1978
Reference Count: N/A
Hesitation Phenomena in the Language of Family Conversations Across Three Conversational Styles in Three Formats of Television Programming in the U.S.A.
Johnson, Fern L.; Davis, Leslie K.
The research investigated the nature and frequency of hesitation phenomena in speech as presented within content segments featuring interaction among family members on three modes of television programming: documentary, prime time, and soap opera. A sample of videotape recordings for each program format was content-analyzed by noting repetitions, false starts, filled pauses, and unfilled pauses of at least .5 seconds duration. In addition, each conversational segment was categorized according to style (casual, personal, or intimate), and the placement of all pauses was determined as either grammatical or ungrammatical. Analyses revealed that: (1) hesitation phenomena occur least frequently within the prime time format and, depending on the particular measure, most frequently in either documentary or soap opera segments of conversation; (2) for most measures, hesitations occur most frequently in conversations of intimate style and their incidence in intimate style conversations is, with one exception, greatest in the documentary format with prime time segments consistently in the lowest position; (3) for all pausal phenomena, 34% are ungrammatical in the documentary format, 22% are ungrammatical in the prime time format, and 30% are ungrammatical in the soap opera format. The major conclusion of the research is that conversational realism may be perceived variously by viewers attending to different formats of television programming and that perceived content reality may be affected by formal aspects of speech behavior. (Author)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A