ERIC Number: ED158346
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1978-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Kinesic Correlates of Communication Apprehension: An Analysis of Hand Movements.
Comadena, Mark E.; Andersen, Peter A.
Four hypotheses concerning the relationship between communication apprehension and four types of hand movements were formulated and tested in a study involving 74 students at an eastern university. The hand movements were emblems (hand movement not related to speech), illustrators (hand movement which accompanies speech), self-adaptors (nervous self-touching), and object-adaptors (nervous touching of objects). The first and second hypotheses stated that high communication apprehensive individuals would manifest fewer emblems and illustrators than moderates, who would manifest fewer than low communication apprehensive individuals. The third and fourth hypotheses stated that high communication apprehensive individuals would manifest more self- and object-adaptors than moderates, who would manifest more than low communication apprehensive individuals. Each subject participated in an interview that was videotaped and coded by three independent judges. The hand movements were recorded according to their frequency of occurence. Only two emblems were observed; therefore all analyses addressing the first hypothesis were dropped. The second hypothesis was partially confirmed. The third and fourth hypotheses were not confirmed. (FL)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A