ERIC Number: ED158269
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Matching Reading Instruction to Cognitive Style for Mexican-American Children.
Dixon, Carol N.
Recent research into the relationship between cultural background and cognitive style has suggested that Mexican-American children typically display a "field-dependent" style as opposed to the "field-independent" style usually exhibited by Anglo children. Teachers of Mexican-American children should consider this difference in developing their instructional strategies. For example, physical distances between students and between the teacher and students should be reduced for field-dependent children. These personalities also react well to peer and cross-age teaching methods. The language experience approach, which allows cooperative learning activities, is useful in beginning reading instruction for such students. Field-dependent children also thrive in classes where discussions rather than lectures are used. Finally, social rewards such as smiles and praise rather than abstract rewards such as grades are very effective. However, since successful individuals must possess both cognitive styles, teachers should not restrict instruction to one. If the opposing cognitive style is introduced in a gradual manner, students will be able to function competently in both worlds. (FL)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the California Reading Association of the International Reading Association (11th, Anaheim, California, November 2-5, 1977)