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ERIC Number: ED158266
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-May
Pages: 14
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
An Investigation into the Interrelationships among Linguistic Variables and the Ability to Recover Deep Structure among Second Grade Black Students.
Manarino, Priscilla
The ability of primary grade black students to recover deep structure and the degree to which that ability is affected by socioeconomic status, dialect, word recognition, and the child's management of syntactic structures in oral language (oral syntactic control) were investigated in a study involving 125 second grade students. The Deep Structure Recovery Test was administered to determine the subjects' ability to recover deep structure. Oral syntactic control was assessed using the Linguistic Structures Repetition Test. A 50 word list drawn from the tests was used to assess word recognition. Syntactic features indicative of black dialect were used to measure the degree of dialect exhibited by the subjects. Socioeconomic status was determined by the Index of Social Position. The results revealed that oral syntactic control had the greatest direct effect upon deep structure recovery while word recognition had the second greatest direct effect. The greatest indirect effect was dialect. Socioeconomic status had a very small direct effect. The results suggest that reading comprehension programs for black students should focus on children's management of syntactic structure and on word recognition. Further, educators should become more knowledgeable about black dialect. (FL)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Reading Association (23rd, Houston, Texas, May 1-5, 1978)