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ERIC Number: ED158226
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1978-Jul
Pages: 41
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Training Self-Checking Routines for Estimating Test Readiness: Generalization from List Learning to Prose Recall. Technical Report No. 94.
Brown, Ann L.; And Others
Brown and Barclay (1976) trained educable retarded children to use either of two memory search strategies, Anticipation or Rehearsal, involving a self-checking component. Following the training, both their free recall performance and their ability to estimate their readiness for a recall test improved significantly. In the present research, the students were tested for maintenance and generalization one year following the original training. The younger children (MA = six years) showed no effects of the training, whereas an older group (MA = eight years) both maintained the trained strategies on the original rote recall task and generalized it effectively to a novel situation involving gist recall of prose passages. In comparison to a pair of control groups, the students trained in the use of self-checking routines took more time studying, recalled more idea units from the passages, and further, their recall was more clearly related to the thematic importance of the constituent idea units, a pattern characteristic of developmentally more advanced subjects. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Inst. of Child Health and Human Development (NIH), Bethesda, MD.; National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Illinois Univ., Urbana. Center for the Study of Reading.; Bolt, Beranek and Newman, Inc., Cambridge, MA.