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ERIC Number: ED158225
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-May
Pages: 17
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Causes and Cures of Reading Failure in the Culturally Different: A Minority View.
Karlin, Robert
Research studies have attributed the reading failure of children from low socioeconomic groups to factors such as hunger, poor physical health, substandard living conditions, and the language mismatch that results from the difference between spoken nonstandard dialect and printed standard English. While each of these does influence reading achievement, two other factors seem more basic to the issue: parental attitude and the competency of the reading teacher. Parents who value reading offer the learning child a tradition of literacy, provide educational toys and experiences, involve themselves in the school's activities, and demonstrate positive behaviors that make a child want to read. By their ability to translate theory into viable teaching strategies, effective reading teachers provide the minority child with individualized instruction and special reading sessions, make available large quantities and varieties of books, and use a variety of teaching approaches and reading materials to motivate the learner. Finally, because statistics indicate a relationship between family income and reading achievement (the lower the income, the higher the percentage of failure), one possible solution to the problem of reading failure would be to increase the income level of poor families. (MAI)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Reading Association (23rd, Houston, Texas, May 1-5, 1978)