ERIC Number: ED158153
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1978
Reference Count: N/A
Cohort Effects in Children's Test Anxiety and Defensiveness.
Eaton, Warren O.
Five elementary school groups, or cohorts, were given the Test Anxiety Scale for Children and the Lie Scale for Children on three occasions over a year's time. This paper examines the results cross-sectionally and reveals between-group, or cohort effects. The youngest and oldest cohorts displayed low anxiety. Within-group longitudinal changes did not closely match this cross-sectional difference. Current data was compared to previously published longitudinal studies. Longitudinal anxiety patterns varied across cohorts and samples while defensiveness showed longitudinal decreases across all studies. The consistency in defensiveness results and the lack of consistency in test anxiety results across the three studies suggest that anxiety is more a function of situational factors and that defensiveness is more a function of organismic factors. (Author)
Descriptors: Age Groups, Anxiety, Children, Cognitive Development, Cohort Analysis, Longitudinal Studies, Research Projects, Responses, Testing, Testing Problems
Warren O. Eaton, Department of Psychology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, R3T 2N2
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Child Health and Human Development (NIH), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Sarason Test Anxiety Scale for Children