ERIC Number: ED157980
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Black Women Who Head Families: Economic Needs and Economic Resources.
Sawhill, Isabel V.
Black women bear a heavy burden of family responsibilities, yet their economic position is marginal relative to other groups in American society. It is this imbalance between economic needs and economic resources which poses the greatest challenge to public policy. This paper examines some aspects of this imbalance. It describes the demographic and economic factors associated with the recent growth in single parent families within the black community. It also considers the economic problems facing these families and the role which education might play in improving their generally precarious economic position. The growth in female headed families appears to be related to fundamental shifts in attitudes toward marriage and to the changing social and economic status of women. The factors which could be contributing to the poverty and low income of black female headed families include employment status of the head of family, education, work experience, and discrimination based on race and sex. Education can help young women to prepare for the burden of family responsibilities by helping them to make wise decisions about the timing of marriage and childbearing. Also critical are counseling and vocational education which encourage women to enter higher paying occupations. (Author/AM)
Descriptors: Blacks, Economic Status, Educational Needs, Employed Women, Family Income, Females, Financial Needs, One Parent Family
Not available separately; See UD 018 455
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Educational Equity Group. Women's Research Div.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: For related documents see UD 018 393, UD 018 516-520, and UD 018 522-524