ERIC Number: ED157947
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Sep
The Costs of Legislated Minimal Competency Requirements. A background paper prepared for the Minimal Cometency Workshops sponsored by the Education Commission of the States and the National Institute of Education.
Anderson, Barry D.
Little is known about the costs of setting up and implementing legislated minimal competency testing (MCT). To estimate the financial obstacles which lie between the idea and its implementation, MCT requirements are viewed from two perspectives. The first, government regulation, views legislated minimal competency requirements as an attempt by the state to regulate the school district. Regulatory actions may increase operating costs for regulatees (school districts). Costs are organized in these categories: legislation; implementation; excess burdens thrust upon schools from compliance with regulations (such as remedial instruction); restriction of desirable elements from the curriculum; and neglect of music, arts, humanities, and citizenship. The second perspective, cost benefit, presents a problem because benefits such as increased employability of students are almost impossible to measure. However, costs which have been estimated include test development, administration, state monitoring, and remediation programs. To make testing programs cost-effective, the following recommendations seem appropriate: (1) the state rather than local agencies should administer the programs; (2) testing should not focus on the individual student; (3) cooperatives should be established to share tests; (4) test results should be reported publicly; (5) school districts should be rewarded for high performance; (6) financial inequities should be reduced; and (7) federally run testing should be discouraged. Descriptions of MCT programs by state are included. (CP)
Descriptors: Basic Skills, Competency Based Education, Compliance (Legal), Cost Effectiveness, Educational Finance, Educational Legislation, Educational Trends, Elementary Secondary Education, Government School Relationship, Mastery Tests, Minimum Competency Testing, Program Administration, Program Costs, State Legislation, State of the Art Reviews, State Programs, State Standards, Testing Programs
Education Commission of the States, Suite 300, 1860 Lincoln Street, Denver, Colorado 80295 ($2.75)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Education Commission of the States, Denver, CO.; National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: CEMREL, Inc., St. Ann, MO.