ERIC Number: ED157946
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1977
Reference Count: N/A
The Development of a Measure of Attitudes Toward Age. Research Report # 8-77.
Celio, Mary Beth; And Others
The Situational Attitude Scale-Age (SASA) was developed to measure attitudes toward older individuals, using a specific set of situations to which respondents react either as actors or spectators. Each of the ten situational statements are followed by bi-polar semantic differential scales. Three forms of the SASA were developed containing the same situations and scales. Form A made no reference to age; the word "older" was inserted in form B statements; and form C statements specified age in years. Test items are appended. The tests were administered to 112 individuals in the University of Maryland Student Services Office, and at a private research firm. Twenty-three of the 100 items were significant and seventeen of the responses to age-indicated forms were not significant to each other, but were different from the age-neutral test responses. Analysis of variance by age, sex and level of education revealed that the older the respondent, the more positive the response to age-indicated tests. The sex of the respondent was significant in seven situations and educational level was in three. Females, older respondents, and those with less education had the most positive attitudes toward age. Paricipants consistently showed more positive responses towards older persons and did not distinguish between "older" and specific age. Suggestions for future research are included. (Author/JAC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Maryland Univ., College Park. Counseling Center.