ERIC Number: ED157936
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976-Oct
Reference Count: 0
The Search for Fairness in Testing.
Lewiski, Raymond L.
This document begins with an outline of events seen as noteworthy in the search for fairness in general and includes a brief discussion of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Equal Employment Opportunity Act of 1972, and the Tower Amendment (Title VII). These events are placed in perspective with recent events which have impacted the notion of fairness as it relates to the process of employment testing and hiring. The legislative acts are seen as ground rules, and fairness in testing is seen as a legal mandate. Axiological models for fairness in employment testing which have been proposed during the last ten years include the Traditional Selection Strategy (based on a simple regression model); the Quota Model, the Equal Risk Model, the Regression Model, the Constant Ratio Model, the Subjective Regression Model, the Conditional Probability Model, the Equal Probability Model, the Converse Equal Risk Model, the Converse Constant Ratio Model, the Threshold Utility Model, the Converse Conditional Probability Model, the Converse Equal Probability Model, and the Normal Ogive Model. The dominant value commitment associated with each model is identified and current proposed solutions to the problem of fairness in occupational selection are discussed. Finally, each model is applied to a hypothetical employment situation and its dominant value is highlighted. (Author/JAC)
Publication Type: Reference Materials - Bibliographies
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Air Univ., Gunter AFS, Ala. Extension Course Inst.