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ERIC Number: ED157881
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1978
Pages: 37
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Social Facilitation During the Initial Stage of Motor Learning: A Re-examination of Martens' Audience Study. Revised.
Landers, Daniel M.; And Others
Journal of Motor Behavior, v10 n4 1978
R. Martens' hypothesis that an audience acts as a stimulus to elicit arousal or drive in the performance of an individual, which in turn enhances the emission of the dominant habit, is reexamined. Where incorrect responses are dominant, learning of a novel task will be inhibited, or at least improvement will not be as rapid as for individuals performing alone. Uncomplicated motor learning tasks were used, in a partial replication of Marten's procedures, to examine the effect of the following four conditions: audience present/videotape present; audience present/videotape absent; audience absent/videotape present; and audience absent/videotape absent. Results indicated that in the initial stages of motor learning subjects performing before an audience were more variable in their performance than subjects performing without an audience. Subjects reported the presence of an audience provided greater arousal, and in some cases this arousal was shown to be positively correlated to their performance scores. Overall, the findings indicated that audience effects account for only a small portion of variance in motor behavior. (JD)
Journal Publishing Affiliates, 727 De La Guerra Plaza, Santa Barbara, CA 93101 ($4.50)
Publication Type: Journal Articles
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A