ERIC Number: ED157717
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1978-Apr-11
Reference Count: N/A
Utilization of Science and Engineering Doctorates in Industrial Research and Development. Science Resources Studies Highlights, April 11, 1978.
National Science Foundation, Washington, DC. Div. of Science Resources Studies.
This report is based on a survey of the National Science Foundation's Industrial Panel on Science and Technology. The panel comes from essentially all major types of industry involved in research and development (R&D) and covers a wide range of firms and cooperations. The findings of the survey show that almost one-half of those who responded to the survey reported that, since 1970, their firms have increased the proportion of Ph.D.s among those hired for R&D activities. The most often cited reasons for this change in hiring practices were: (1) industrial technology has become more complex, and (2) more science and engineering Ph.D.s have been available for work in industry. The findings also show that about 30% of the respondents expect their firms to increase the proportion of R&D employees who have doctorates while only 3% anticipated a drop. Tabulated data present distribution of responses from directors of industrial research and development on past and anticipated proportions of employees who have doctorates. (Author/HM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Science Foundation, Washington, DC. Div. of Science Resources Studies.