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ERIC Number: ED157675
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1977
Pages: 9
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Effects of Ethnicity Upon School Achievement.
Cooper, James G.
The study examined the effects of ethnicity, family income, adult education level, and unemployment rates on school achievement. Data were obtained from 85 public school districts in New Mexico which enrolled primarily Spanish-surnamed pupils. The composite achievement scores from the Comprehensive Tests of Basic Skills (CTBS) for grades 5 and 8 were analyzed by one-way analysis of variance. The socioeconomic variables of family income, adult education level, and unemployment rate were then entered as control variables in the analysis of covariance. These analyses, one for grade 5 and another for grade 8, were repeated for each of the following years: 1972, 1973, 1974, and 1975. Data were obtained from the New Mexico School Profiles for each year. It was found that when ethnicity was considered as the sole independent or predictor variable, it accounted for 19 to 30% of school achievement, as measured by the CTBS composite scores. However, when the effects of family income, adult education level, and unemployment were taken into account by covariance procedures, then ethnicity did not have a significant effect on school success, as measured by the CTBS scores. Ethnicity accounted for only 2 to 4% of achievement when the socioeconomic variables were introduced. (NQ)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A