ERIC Number: ED157204
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978
Educational Opportunity. The Concept, Its Measurement, and Application. Highlights. Sponsored Reports Series.
National Center for Education Statistics (DHEW), Washington, DC.; General Research Corp., McLean, VA.; Killalea Associates, Inc., Arlington, VA.
Statistical indicators of inequality of educational opportunity developed through this study were applied to 1970 census information concerning school resources and revenues and pupil characteristics to assess the extent of inequality in elementary and secondary schools. Educational equality is defined as the prevailing view that all students should have equal access to the basic educational entitlement represented by a twelve-year elementary and secondary education and that the level of educational resources should not be dependent on the wealth of localities. Indicators to analyze disparities in the distribution of educational resources and revenues were chosen with regard to simplicity of construction, clarity, comprehensiveness, and technical accuracy. The measures of educational resources chosen include (1) current total expenditures per student; (2) expense for teacher salaries; (3) staff per pupil (weighted by degree level); (4) current total expenditures per student with salaries controlled by degree level; (5) current total expenditures per student, with salaries controlled by degree level and adjusted for equality; and (6) a composite of the previous five. Applying the indicators to 1970 data suggests that in 1970, school finance reform was still needed within states to decrease the dependence of resources on local wealth and that improvement in the resource levels of racial, ethnic, and poverty groups would require an interstate solution. (Author/JM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Center for Education Statistics (DHEW), Washington, DC.; General Research Corp., McLean, VA.; Killalea Associates, Inc., Arlington, VA.
Note: Not available in paper copy due to small print of tables and graphs