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ERIC Number: ED157168
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1978-May
Reference Count: N/A
Alaska's State Aid to Public Schools Formula: Deficiencies, Suggestions, and the Effects of House Bill 212. A Discussion Paper.
Foote, Tom H.
Because of its diversity of land and people, the challenge of constructing an equitable state aid formula is probably greater for the state of Alaska than for any state in the union. Alaska's present state-aid formula is deficient in at least eight distinct areas: (1) The labels of the formula variables are not relevant to the quantities they attempt to describe. (2) The formula is unnecessarily complicated. (3) The formula provides strong economic incentives for districts to redistribute either average daily membership counts or actual children from one school to another in order to maximize state aid. (4) The portion of the formula devoted to equalization vis-a-vis property wealth is token at best. (5) There are lower tax rates for richer districts. (6) The formula awards districts for failing to control costs that are controllable. (7) The uncontrollable cost differences within groups are ignored. (8) The all-or-nothing character of the isolation factor neglects the wide range of gradations in the actual district-to-district costs. House Bill 212 has aggravated rather than ameliorated the deficiencies. Remedies for these deficiencies include changes in terminology, structural changes in the formula's theoretical undergirdings, and a simpler goal formula. Such remedies need not yield radical shifts in the present levels of state aid and thereby need not meet with overwhelming pro-status-quo political resistance. (Author/JM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Alaska Univ., Fairbanks. Center for Northern Educational Research.
Identifiers - Location: Alaska