ERIC Number: ED156997
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Mar-31
Reference Count: 0
Counselor Trainee Anxiety Level and Concurrent Counselor Behavior.
Kreiser, Jeanette S.
This study of counselor trainee behavior during actual counseling sessions is an investigation of the associations between high and low levels of counselor anxiety and the following kinds of counselor responses; empathy, structuring, interrogation and "activity not relevant to the task of counseling." Subjects, two male and three female university students, varied widely in age and counseling experience. The clients were five junior and senior high school students and one parent whose concerns lay in the areas of vocational and personal-social counseling. Mahl's Non-Ah Speech Disturbance Ratio was used to identify 10 points of high and low anxiety in each of 10 interviews. These points were then rated for level of offered empathy based on the Bergin-Solomon Revision of the Truax Accurate Empathy Scale. ANOVAs revealed no significant anxiety level effects on empathy level or interrogation. The effects of anxiety level upon structuring behavior and "activity not relevant to the task of counseling" approached commonly accepted levels of statistical significance. Some counselor effects were significant. Implications for further research were discussed. (Author)
Descriptors: Anxiety, Behavior Patterns, Counselor Characteristics, Counselor Performance, Counselor Training, Empathy, Research Projects, Responses, Stress Variables
Jeanette Kreiser, 37 Stanford Road West, Rochester, New York, 14620.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Toronto, Ontario, CANADA, March, 1978)