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ERIC Number: ED156931
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Mar
Pages: 23
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Effects of Family Orientation Within Socioeconomic Strata Upon Basic Skill Achievement.
Smidchens, Uldis; Thompson, Eugene
This research examines the effects of family organization upon student achievement. The authors are particularly concerned with teacher expectations and beliefs regarding single parenting and its effects upon skill acquisition. The sample is made up of over 400 fifth graders in the public schools of a middle sized midwestern city. Data regarding student achievement are based on results of the California Achievement test. Independent variables included are race, sex, family organization and three measures of family socioeconomic status. Examination of the data for variability attributable either to independent variables or interaction effects was carried out through the use of a two-way analysis of variance utilizing a least squares method. The generalized observation regarding the data must be that students from two-parent families tend to record higher achievement scores than do students from one-parent families. Often these findings are tempered by the apparent lack of discrepancy between the family organization patterns in the higher ranges of the socioeconomic variables. Generally, family organization seems to have a greater impact on the students in lower ranges of the socioeconomic scales. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Toronto, Ontario, Canada, March, 1978)