ERIC Number: ED156916
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-May
Current Perspectives on the Role of Career Education in Combatting Occupational Sex-Role Stereotyping.
Evenson, Jill S.; O'Neil, Mary L.
A study was conducted to determine the extent to which student needs for nonsexist career guidance and education are met by existing and developing career education strategies at the secondary school level and to propose areas for further development. Through a literature search and the examination of teachers, counselors, and students, a set of needs was identified and organized into three categories: knowledge about occupational sex-role stereotyping and career decision-making; non-sexist attitudes; and behavior or activity to reduce stereotyping and broaden career choice. From the little information available on strategies designed to deal with this problem, it was determined that most strategies concentrate on the knowledge and attitude needs. Factors that contribute to effective strategies were found to include the following: in-service training for school staff; use of content material based on the students' experiences; early intervention; and follow-up support for students. Since career education can play a vital part in reducing sex-role stereotyping, this report recommends that it focus on the above four factors as well as on (1) activities that increase young women's career motivation and help them plan realistically for the future; (2) resource centers for school personnel for non-sexist career education and curricula materials; (3) evaluation studies; and (4) community-based programs and activities that aid students in increasing career awareness. (Author/ELG)
Descriptors: Attitude Change, Career Choice, Career Counseling, Career Education, Career Exploration, Career Guidance, Change Strategies, Community Programs, Inservice Teacher Education, Instructional Materials, Literature Reviews, Needs Assessment, Occupational Aspiration, Program Evaluation, Resource Centers, Secondary Education, Sex Differences, Sex Discrimination, Sex Role, Sex Stereotypes
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Far West Lab. for Educational Research and Development, San Francisco, CA.