ERIC Number: ED156901
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1978-Jun-15
Reference Count: N/A
Seven Years Later: The Experiences of the 1970 Cohort of Immigrants in the U.S. Labor Market.
North, David S.
As a followup to an earlier study, this report examines the numbers, motivations, characteristics, and labor market behavior of legal immigrants to the United States. The data used is from published and unpublished government statistics, a survey of 5,000 1970 immigrants, and interviews with 254 of the 1970 cohort. The first three chapters provide the historical, demographic, and legislative background for the 400,000 immigrants that arrive on the average annually. Chapters 4 and 5 focus on the 1970 cohort of immigrants, discussing their earnings, personal characteristics, motivation for immigration, and labor market experiences. Whenever possible, comparisons are drawn between the 1970 immigrants and other groups of immigrants as well as between the general population and the immigrants. It is reported that (1) although most immigrants come to the U.S. for economic reasons, the majority are admitted for familial, not labor-related, reasons; (2) their demographic profile closely resembles the general population in age mix, educational level, and marital status; (3) their earnings increase in the U.S., and they work fewer hours; (4) female immigrants quickly earn as much as their peers while the males more slowly approach equity; and (5) substantial occupational change occurs for the immigrants, much of which is downward. The report concludes with recommendations for legislation to aid immigrants in the labor market and to change U.S. immigration policies. (ELG)
Descriptors: Cohort Analysis, Comparative Analysis, Demography, Employment Experience, Employment Patterns, Employment Problems, Ethnic Groups, Federal Legislation, Followup Studies, Geographic Distribution, Immigrants, Labor Market, Labor Utilization, Motivation, Occupational Mobility, Occupational Surveys, Political Attitudes, Public Policy, Salary Wage Differentials, Sex Differences, Statistical Data, Wages
National Technical Information Service, Springfield, Virginia 22151
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Employment and Training Administration (DOL), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: TransCentury Corp., Washington, DC.; Linton and Co., Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Location: United States