ERIC Number: ED156800
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1977
Reference Count: N/A
Spatial Perspectives on School Desegregation and Busing. Resource Papers for College Geography No. 77-3.
Lord, J. Dennis
Concepts and methods of geography are applied to the study of school desegregation in this paper. Beginning with a spatial/temporal view of desegregation, the key legal events which have charted the course of desegregation are reviewed, and geographic patterns over time are examined. This discussion is followed by an investigation of the determinants of these patterns, especially in the southern United States. Desegregation is viewed as a spatial diffusion process in which certain factors have strengthened white resistance, thereby functioning as barriers to the diffusion. Brief case studies of the desegregation and busing experiences in Charlotte-Mecklenburg, North Carolina, Richmond, Virginia, Pontiac, Michigan, and Boston, Massachusetts are presented. The case studies are followed by an examination of the relationships between urban spatial organization, particularly residential segregation, and the school desegregation issue. Desegregation techniques are reviewed, including the applicability of spatial allocation models in the design of school integration plans. In conclusion, some far reaching political and demographic impacts of desegregation and busing are examined. Suggestions are offered for using this paper in geography or social studies classrooms. (Author/GC)
Descriptors: Bus Transportation, Busing, Case Studies, Desegregation Effects, Desegregation Methods, Desegregation Plans, Elementary Secondary Education, Geographic Regions, Geography, Human Geography, Political Issues, School Desegregation, Urban to Suburban Migration
Association of American Geographers, 1710 Sixteenth Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20009
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Association of American Geographers, Washington, DC. Commission on College Geography.
Identifiers - Location: Massachusetts (Boston); Michigan; North Carolina (Charlotte); Virginia (Richmond)