ERIC Number: ED156780
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1978-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
An Analystical Description of Employment According to Race, Sex, Prestige, and Holland Type of Work. Report No. 249.
Gottfredson, Linda S.
Previous work on job availability according to Holland's classification is examined in terms of the following variables: (1) the number of jobs in the U.S. in 1970 by prestige level as well as type of work, (2) the distribution of types of jobs in and out of government service, (3) race and sex differences in type and level of work, and (4) projections for future demand for kinds of labor. The questions raised include: (1) All things except labor demand being equal, what are the chances of getting high versus low level jobs if one enters a realistic rather than a social job? (2) When the distribution of job opportunities does not match the distribution of aspirations of job seekers, how can the counselor encourage realism about job opportunities while at the same time helping individual clients to pursue their aspirations? and (3) Where have women and blacks been most likely to find work in the past and where might opportunities be greatest in the near future? The composition of employment in the U.S. was examined using 1970 data for employed civilians, Holland's occupational typology, and a prestige scale. Results indicate areas where women and blacks are under and over represented. (Author/AM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD. Center for Social Organization of Schools.