ERIC Number: ED156775
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978
Must We Bus? Segregated Schools and National Policy.
In this book, the busing issue is subjected to systematic investigation and analysis. Materials are drawn together from many disciplines, from a wide variety of school systems, and from courts, the Congress, and Federal and State administrative agencies. The constitutional requirements for desegregation are reviewed and the court's role in carrying out these requirements is described. Considering data from the nation's 5 largest cities, trends in urban desegregation and public opinion are analyzed, and special problems of minority groups other than blacks are discussed. Fair housing is examined as an alternative to busing. The problems and politics of government and private enforcement, the efforts of Congress to restrict busing, and the reversal of policy in the Federal executive branch are discussed. It is concluded that there is no practical alternative to busing for carrying out desegregation. Busing is seen as a feasible and relatively inexpensive technique that works best when implemented as part of a metropolitan desegregation plan. Options for Federal administrators and Congress for formulating successful integration policy are mentioned. (Author/AM)
Descriptors: Bus Transportation, Court Role, Desegregation Litigation, Desegregation Methods, Elementary Secondary Education, Government Role, History, Housing Opportunities, Metropolitan Areas, Minority Groups, Policy Formation, School Desegregation, School Segregation
The Brookings Institution, 1775 Massachusetts Avenue, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20036 ($7.95)
Publication Type: Books
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Brookings Institution, Washington, DC.