ERIC Number: ED156598
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Jul
Reference Count: 0
Relating Art Experiences to Art Achievement: A Technical Paper.
Knight, Sarah S.; Johnson, Eugene G.
This study examined the relationship of cognitive and affective objectives to art experiences using data from the 1974-75 national assessment of art. The 1974-75 assessment used art exercises to measure cognitive and affective objectives of nearly 27,000 students aged 9, 13, and 17. The cognitive exercises were designed to assess students' perceptions and responses to aspects of art, their knowledge perceptions and responses to aspects of art, their knowledge of specific artworks and artistic periods, and their ability to make and justify judgments about aesthetic merit and quality of works of art. Affective exercises were aimed at securing information about students' general affective orientation toward art, their ability to recognize and express reasonably sophisticated conceptions of artworks and artists, and their openness toward artistic experimentation and unusual forms and styles of artwork. Students were questioned about their experiences with art: art done outside of school; visits to art museums or galleries; collecting art; and learning art or taking art classes in school. Singular Value Decomposition and Principal-Component analyses were used. These results suggest positive relationships between art experiences and performance on knowledge and affective exercises. Findings showed that the more art experiences students have the greater percentage of correct or desirable responses to cognitive and affective exercises. (Author/BC) Primary type of information provided by report: Results (Background Variables) (Special Analyses).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Education Commission of the States, Denver, CO. National Assessment of Educational Progress.
Note: Exhibits 1 and 2 may not reproduce clearly in hard copy due to small type size of original document