ERIC Number: ED156352
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Jan
Reference Count: 0
The Child Care Market: A Review of the Evidence and Implications for Federal Policy.
Hill, C. Russell
This report reviews and critiques several existing studies of the child care market in order to determine the factors which lead families with working mothers to use different modes of child care. This analysis is further used to discuss federal policies which affect the child care market. Studies reviewed use different data sources and methodologies. The primary type of study reviewed is a "demand" analysis in which child care is treated as a commodity for which the consumer has a preference which is revealed in a market situation. Findings indicate that the size and age composition of the family and the working woman's wage rates have an important effect on the chosen mode of child care. Preferred modes of child care and the market for these modes are also discussed. Arguments for expanded national day care coverage are based on four factors: (1) large waiting lists in day care centers, (2) increasing numbers of female headed households, (3) increasing labor force participation of women with preschool children, and (4) the impression that self care or care by older siblings is inadequate, the studies of the market for preschool child services lead to four conclusions. It is indicated that the role of the federal government should be one of improving the market by promoting both efficiency and equity through a system of public and private child care financing and by providing information on alternatives in the child care market. (Author/CM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Health , Education, and Welfare, Washington., DC. Office of the Secretary.; Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Washington, DC. Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: For related documents, see ED 149 861 and PS 009 986 - PS 010 006