ERIC Number: ED156348
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Jul-15
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Day Care on Preschoolers and the Provision of Support Services for Day Care Families.
Heinicke, Christoph M.; Strassmann, Larry M.
This paper focuses on aspects of the day care experience of the preschooler which might be changed through licensing revisions in an attempt to improve the developmental potential of the child and his or her family. Section I reviews research examining the effects of the typical day care experience on the immediate and long-term development of the preschool child and family. While long-term effects cannot be reliably determined due to a lack of evidence, studies of short-term effects do not exhibit either a positive or a negative effect. Short term effects are documented through an analysis of developmental variables such as intellectual development, relationship to peers, task orientation, modulation of aggression, and the ability to make the transition from the primary caretaker to new relationships. Section II reviews research pertaining to the influence of parent-child interaction on the child's day care experience, and emphasizes steps which can be taken to promote the quality of that parent-child interaction. Three forms of family intervention are discussed: (a) training to promote mother-child verbal interaction around a cognitively stimulating task, (b) a social work approach to promote the competence of the parent as a parent and as a person, and (c) various parent education efforts. The social work approach is further examined in the context of day care, and licensing revisions which facilitate the availability of such family services are suggested. Finally, four functions of social workers involved in day care services are outlined. (Author/CM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Health , Education, and Welfare, Washington., DC. Office of the Secretary.; Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Washington, DC. Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: For related documents, see ED 149 861 and PS 009 986 - PS 010 006 ; Reproduced from the best copy available