ERIC Number: ED156342
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1977-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Licensing, Standards, and Regulations in Child Care Programs in Europe, Canada, and Israel. Final Report (Revised Edition).
Kamerman, Sheila B.
This report presents comparative data on standards and regulations for child care programs in Europe, Canada, Israel. Three models of child care systems are identified, and their implementation in eleven countries is described. Model I, the "anglo-American" model implemented in the United Kingdom and Canada, includes two or more parallel systems both serving the whole age groups from birth to compulsory school age; the care function is stressed by one system and the educational function by the other. Model II, followed in Sweden and Finland, features one integrated child care system for all children under compulsory school age, in which care, socialization and education are provided in a unified administrative structure. Model III includes two age-related systems: one, for children under 3, which stresses the care function and child socialization and development, and a second, for children aged 3 to compulsory school age, which emphasizes educational goals in addition to care, socialization and development. This model is followed in France, Poland, Federal Republic of Germany, Italy, Denmark, Yugoslavia, and Israel. The report identifies which government levels are responsible for standards in different countries, and suggests major trends and patterns with regard to the categories of standards and regulations, the range of standards and the nature and extent of compliance and enforcement. After each country's system is described, overall conclusions comparing the systems are presented. (CM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Health , Education, and Welfare, Washington., DC. Office of the Secretary.; Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Washington, DC. Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada; Israel
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Federal Interagency Day Care Requirements