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ERIC Number: ED155701
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Mar
Pages: 54
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
A Video Time-Monitored Observational Study: The Transcribing Behavior and Composing Processes of a Competent High School Writer.
Matsuhashi, Ann; Cooper, Charles
A study of four unusually competent high school writers was undertaken to determine the reasons for varying durations of pause in writing. It was believed that a writer pauses during transcribing to rehearse, plan, and reformulate and to make a number of crucial decisions about syntax, semantics, and discourse. Each student spent a total of 12 sessions writing on topics which he or she had selected from 12 tasks in four different discourse types during the previous session. After the first three practice sessions, the final session was spent in handcopying a finished manuscript, writing in a room in which both the writer and the writing pad were videotaped. The signal from the camera on the writer was also passed through a time-date generator which recorded time in minutes, seconds, and tenths of seconds. The videotapes were analyzed for time of pause and calculated to a tenth of a second. It was discovered that the time of pause varied according to the type of writing being attempted with significantly shorter pauses when the writer was merely copying. It can be concluded that pause is necessary in writing to help the writer organize his or her thoughts before committing them to paper. (JF)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Toronto, Canada, March 1978) ; Figures may be marginally legible